How Much is the Child Tax Credit?
As with any tax credit, refund or deduction, there are a few rules that will influence the amount that eligible applicants will receive.
Here is a breakdown of everything you need to know about the Child Tax Credit and Additional Child Tax Credit
Table of Contents
- 1 How Much do You Get Back in Taxes for a Child?
- 2 Your New Child Tax Credit Amount After Tax Reform
- 3 Claiming the Child Tax Credit
- 4 The Additional Child Tax Credit
- 5 IRS Child Tax Credit Worksheet
- 6 Try the Child Tax Credit Calculator
- 7 How Much is the Child Tax Credit Limit?
- 8 What About Dependents on Multiple Returns?
- 9 How to Claim the Child Tax Credit
- 10 Additional Considerations
How Much do You Get Back in Taxes for a Child?
The child tax credit for 2019, 2020 is worth up to $2,000 per child that is under the age of 17. To be eligible to claim this credit your child or dependent must first pass all of the following tests:
- Must be 16 or younger on the last day of the year
- Must be a US citizen, US national, or a resident alien
- Must be claimed by you as a dependent
- Must be related to you by blood, or step relationship, or legally adopted child/foster child
- Must have resided with you for more than half of the year (special rules apply for special circumstances such as divorce)
- You must have provided them with more than half of their support
Your New Child Tax Credit Amount After Tax Reform
Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) the following new child tax credit rules will take place in 2018, 2019:
- The Child Tax Credit under tax reform is worth up to $2,000 per qualifying child. The age cut-off remains at 17 (the child must be under 17 at the end of the year for taxpayers to claim the credit).
- The refundable portion of the credit is limited to $1,400. This amount will be adjusted for inflation after 2018.
- The earned income threshold for the refundable credit is lowered to $2,500.
- The beginning credit phaseout for the child tax credit increases to $200,000 ($400,000 for joint filers). The phaseout also applies to the new $500 credit for other dependents.
- The child must have a valid SSN to qualify for the $2,000 Child Tax Credit
Claiming the Child Tax Credit
Any parent or legal guardian with a child age 17 or younger at the end of a tax year can claim said child for the child tax credit. The child must reside with the claiming parent for more than 50-percent of the year. The child also cannot financially support themselves with at least half of their own expenses.
When you prepare your taxes online you are automatically asked the right questions to determine if you qualify and how much you get back in taxes for a child.
The Additional Child Tax Credit
If the refundable credit you receive from the standard Child Tax Credit is more than your taxes owed, you might receive an Additional Child Tax Credit (provided your income is at least $3,000).
Form 1040 has all the information you need to calculate whether or not this is applicable to your current family situation.
IRS Child Tax Credit Worksheet
The child tax credit worksheet is a helpful resource provided by the IRS. You can find it through IRS Publication 972. The purpose of the worksheet is to help you calculate how much child tax credit you can claim this coming tax year. You’ll be able to enter information like: your income and how many children you have.
You should remember that the child tax credit, for all intents and purposes, is a non-refundable tax credit. It reduces your tax liability; and can do so all the way to $0.
If you have three or more qualifying children, you may be able to take the Additional Child Tax Credit instead. This is handy if you would rather get a refund instead of reducing your total tax liability.
Use the child tax credit worksheet to figure out which option is best for you.
Try the Child Tax Credit Calculator
Thankfully it is simple to calculate both the Child Tax Credit and the Additional Child Tax Credit if you meet the set requirements.
Websites with online tax filing platforms, offer a complete service for calculating and claiming the child tax credit. All you need to do is supply basic information and you will see if you’re eligible for either of these credits.
The dependents credit finder asks simple questions about your dependents and will let you know if you can claim the child tax credit on your tax return and calculate how much you qualify for.
Best of all, you can use these tools for free before you actually file.
How Much is the Child Tax Credit Limit?
The child tax credit limit is locked in at $2,000 per child. This has increased substantially under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) which overhauled the entire tax system. You need to be aware that the changes state that you can’t get more than $2,000 per child.
However, you need to be aware that many families won’t get $2,000 per qualifying child. Many families will get much less after income and other restrictions are considered.
You should also keep in mind that the child tax credit begins to phase out at $200,000 for single taxpayers and $400,000 for joint taxpayers.
There are also other things that could impact how much you get from the child tax credit, such as social security and Medicare payments.
The IRS offers a complete list of things that influence the child tax credit, but we recommend using a comprehensive dependents tax credit calculator, like that at TurboTax, to make things easier.
What About Dependents on Multiple Returns?
Only one taxpayer or couple can claim the child for the Child Tax Credit and ACTC. If more than one person tries to claim the child, the IRS will determine who gets to claim the child using the tiebreaker rules.Other Child Related Tax Savings
Most parents and legal guardians are aware of the earned income credit (EIC) and child tax credits that they can qualify for to reduce their tax liabilities.
Some do not know that adoption credits can be taken as well as paying out-of-pocket (OOP) for child/dependent care. These deductions can help reduce your tax liability, and in some cases, result in a refund.
Earned Income Credit (EIC) – In order to qualify for the EIC, you must meet income limitations and have the required number of qualifying children for your income level. The income thresholds can change. An example is the recent earnings year. Families with a single child filing jointly cannot have an adjusted gross income (AGI) more than $46,010. For single/head of household and surviving spouses, the income limit for a single child is $40,320.
Child and Dependent Care Credit – You could deduct up to $3,000 for one dependent, or up to $6,000 for more than one with this credit. The percentage of child and dependent care costs that you can claim, as an allowable expense is 20 to 35-percent based upon your AGI. If you have a single qualifying child, the maximum credit amount is $3,000. For two or more children, the maximum credit is $6,000.
Adoption Tax Credit – If you have already adopted or are in the process, you may qualify for this credit. The process of adopting a child is costly. Some employers assist employees with adoption expenses. This “income” can be deducted and claimed as employer-provided adoption assistance. You can also claim any monies paid to an adoption agency for the adoption of a child that qualifies for the credit.
You cannot receive any excess funds. The maximum credit can change, view the yearly guidelines set by the IRS. Leftover monies are rolled forward as credits on upcoming tax returns.
Student Loan Interest – Student loan interest can be deducted up to the amount of $2,500 per school/tax year. The modified adjusted gross income constraints to claim this credit require that those filing single do not have more than $80,000 income. For those that are married, the income threshold is $160,000 if you file jointly
Filing Status – If you are unwed and your child resided with you for more than half of the year, you could qualify for a higher standard deduction and lower tax rates with the Head of Household filing status.
Exemptions – Receive the standard exemption for each child that qualifies.
How to Claim the Child Tax Credit
You don’t need to worry about figuring all this out. online tax filing makes it easy. After asking you a few simple questions about your family, and the tax software will determine for you who qualifies as a dependent on your tax return. That way, you’ll get the biggest tax refund possible with the least amount of hassle.
It is important to remember that the Child Tax Credit can only be filed for once per child – it cannot appear on multiple tax returns.
If there is an argument around who is entitled to the credit, the IRS will make a judgement call based on who will receive the money based on a set of predetermined rules.
The Child Tax Credit is not the only way that you can use tax rulings to help support your children. Here’s an overview of the child-related tax savings that might be applicable to you:
- There are standard exemptions that apply to each of your qualifying children.
- The Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit allows you to deduct $3,000 per child or a total of $6,000 if you have multiple dependents.
- The Adoption Tax Credit is available to those who have adopted a child, or are in the process of doing so.
- Note that if you are unmarried and your child spends at least half of their time living with you each year, then the benefits and deductions available change provided you submit your tax return as a Head of Household.
The government has structured the tax system in such a way that those with children, or in difficult financial circumstances, can afford to look after their little ones and give them the best care possible. There is no need to feel guilty about trying to extract credit from the tax system – it is there for the taking.
Form 1040 (Schedule 8812) helps determine if you qualify and the amount of the credit that you will receive. If you e-file your return the software will do all of the math for you.